Mobile Device Management Solutions

Cell phone Management (MDM) is the term used to portray a framework or answer for overseeing cell phones remotely. These cell phones incorporate smart phones, telephones, ruggedized portable information gathering gadgets and tablet PCs.

Given innovation and the expanding requirement for versatility, ventures like yours need to work productively outside of the four dividers of a particular business area. You have to connect straightforwardly with your clients and workers at whatever point and wherever they are.

Portability gives expanded efficiencies and profitability. Your business picks up an upper hand by having admittance to data and applications important to act rapidly. Dealing with the related cell phones permits you to secure and upgrade your operation.

Driving cell phone working frameworks incorporate Blackberry, Android, iOS, Windows Mobile and Symbian.

Cell phone administration arrangements will regularly give a few or the greater part of the accompanying remote abilities:

• Distribution of programming updates and fixes

• Tracking of equipment and programming resources

• Distribution of data and information

• Tracking programming for permit consistence.

• Supporting and controlling gadgets to investigate issues

• Backing-up and reestablishing basic information.

• Encrypting remote correspondences.

• Disabling stolen/lost gadgets

• Managing passwords/get to security

Here’s a halfway rundown of driving MDM programming arrangements:

• Wavelink Avalanche ™

• Sybase Afaria ™

• Odyssey Athena ™

• Motorola Mobility Services Platform ™

• Microsoft Mobile Device Manager ™

• Tangoe ™

• Landesk Management Suite ™

• Good Cloud Sync ™

• CA Technologies ™

• Boxtone ™

• Airwatch ™

Picking the best Mobile device Management programming for your operational needs is basic. It’s imperative to distinguish your requirements (present and future) and audit all product choices.

Here are a couple of rules to consider before choosing your product:

1. Recognize which particular applications your business and representatives utilize or require.

2. Search for a product arrangement that can deal with numerous working frameworks without the requirement for extra foundation. Likewise, discover an answer that offer a proper list of capabilities for your basic working frameworks.

3. Search for a MDM arrangement that coordinates with your current administration stage as opposed to an independent arrangement. This will permit you to boost your current IT venture.

4. Ensure the arrangement can scale to match you future development.

5. Address references and, if conceivable, test the item before acquiring/executing.

6. Survey the “concealed expenses” related with the arrangement. These can incorporate expenses related with the underlying execution and on-going costs, for example, help work area, repair and investigating.

It’s imperative to note that the rules recorded in this article are just broad rules. Singular undertaking needs and necessities ought to be surveyed before actualizing any arrangement.

The Climates of Europe

The continent of Europe can be conveniently divided into five distinct climatic zones. Each climatic zone has its peculiar feature of temperature and rainfall. The following is a brief description of each of them.

1. Hot Dry Summers, Warm Wet Winters

This type of climate is also call the Mediterranean type of climate. This is due most of the countries which have this climate lie close to the Mediterranean Sea. The peculiar feature of the climate is that the summers are hot and dry; The winters warm and wet. This climatic zone includes a greater part of Southern Europe ie, Southern Portugal, almost whole of Spain, South of France, a greater part of Italy, Balkan States and Greece. Temperature in the summer is quite high; Mean temperature of the hottest month at Rome is 76 F (24C) at Athens 80 F (27C). The sky is cloudless and the days are beautifully sunny. In winter when most of the Europe is experiencing a harsh winter with bitter cold, these lands enjoy quite warm temperatures. Rome for instance has a temperature of 45 F (7 C) in January, Athens 48 F (9 C) and Palermo in Sicily Island of 51 F (11 C). Compare these figures with those of Berlin 30 F (-1.1 C) and Moscow 14 F (-10 C) in the same months. No wonder that the areas associated with this climatic zone are one of the most popular tourist resorts in the world.

2. Mild Winters, Cool Summers

This type of Climate is also called the British type of Climate. It is found in North Western Europe that includes the British Isles, the greater part of France excluding Southern France, Belgium, the Nederland and South western Norway. This region has rain all the year round. The summers are cool; Typical temperatures are around 60 F (16 C) and the winters are mild. The temperatures of the winter months are usually above 32 F (0 C). Take London for example. It has a temperature of 59 F (15 C) in midsummer and 36 F (2 C) in midwinter. Paris has 65 F (18 C) and 37 F (3 C) respectively in summer and winter. The climate of the region as a whole is mild, however frequent cloudiness makes the weather gloomy especially in winter. The region is under the influence of the winds coming from the Atlantic Ocean all the year round. This is the reason that these areas are spared the extremes of hot and cold.

3. Cold Winters, Warm Summers

This type of climate is found in the heart of Europe in countries like Germany, Poland, Austria, Switzerland etc. The winters are cold with at least one month below 32 F (OC) and summers are quite warm. For instance at both Berlin and Vienna, the hottest month is above 66 F (19 C) and cold below 32 F (OC). The days are warmer in summer and cooler in winter than the British Type because these areas are located at a greater distance from the Atlantic ocean than the cool winter type and its moderating influence does not reach them. These areas also have rain through the years and maximum rain falls in summer but the skies are much clearer than those of the British type and Germany is famous for its warm and beautiful sunny days in summer. Some areas in this region like Switzerland have a tendency of cool summers because of their height but the general pattern of weather demands its inclusion in this type of weather rather than under the British type of climate.

4. Very cold winters and Hot summers

The areas which fall under this category include the countries of Eastern and Eas-Central Europe which includes Southern and Central Russia, Ukraine, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria etc. These areas are located very far away from sea and have a typical continental climate of hot summers and very cold winters. These areas have at least two months below 32 F (0 C) in winter and at least one month above 68 F (20 C) in summer. For instance Belgrade and Bucharest both have three months each below 32 F, Kiev in Ukraine and Moscow both have five. Similarly in Summer Moscow and Kiev both have at least one month touching 68 F (20 C) while Bucharest and Belgrade have two months exceeding 70 F (21 C). This region also has a summer rain maxima but the rain fall is less than that of Central Europe.

5. Very cold most of the year with a very short summer.

The North of Russia, Norway except the south western part, Northern Sweden and Finland etc fall under this category. The winter is very large and long while the summer is short and warm. It is usual to have six to eight months below 32 F in these areas. The rainy is light to moderate which tends to be scanty as we move toward the poles. These areas are covered with snow for most months of the year and during a very brief summer beautiful flowers grow in abundance. This area is the coldest of all the areas described above hence very thinly populated. The extreme winter is due to two reasons; Its high latitudinal position and remoteness from sea. Some of the areas included in this climatic zone have very long days in summer and very short days in winter. Here they are appropriately called Lands of Midnight Sun.

The above description about different climates found in Europe is in no sense perfect but it does give a general idea about what type of weather to expect when traveling to the Continent.

A Short History of Athens

The history of Athens is actually the history of Greece, for this immortal city was for centuries the heart of the Hellenic world and the acknowledged leader of its civilization. Although in common with all Greek cities, its origins are too remote to be anything more than a matter for conjecture. The Cyclopean wall that runs round the rock of the Acropolis, the neolithic remains, traces of Bronze Age habituation and a number of pre-Hellenic place-names prove that Athens was occupied by man from the very earliest times.

Athens was perhaps the largest of the independent Attic communities with its king residing on the Acropolis, probably in the palace named after Erechtheus, whose memory is perpetuated in the magnificent temple of the Erechtheion. A tribe of their Ionian kinsmen from Marathon, from which later generations of Athenians were proud to claim descent, invaded the city and quickly became predominant. Under the rule of Cecrops, the first known king of Athens, and that of his successors, Pandion, Erechtheus, Aegeus and Theseus, Athens increased in size and importance, slowly absorbing the smaller communities of Attica, until in the reign of Theseus (c 1300 BC) they were all united under his leadership.

About 1100 BC, the Dorians invaded the Peloponnese and swept all before them; It appeared that no army could withstand them, and Athens was in mortal danger. Its citizens sprang to arms, though with a present of certain defeat in their hearts. It had been prophesied that the Athenians could only ensure victory by the death of their king. King Codrus then decided to sacrifice himself to save his people. Making his way disguised into the Dorian camp he provoked a quarrel in which he was killed. When the invaders discovered that it was Codrus they had slain they despaired of success and retreated; Athens was saved.

Since no one was thought worthy to succeed this heroic king, the monarchy yielded to the government by the nobles, who appropriated all power. They chose three archons, or executive officials, from among their ranks to represent the king and share the royal power. This change was influenced by the devolution of the military powers of the king to the polemarch, who then became the supreme military commander; The first archon, who later became the chief state official, was the civil governor, while the archon basileus, who was a descendant of Codrus, retained the title of king and had control of the religious rites of the state. Although first hereditary and limited to the royal clan, the tenure of the archonship was later reduced to a period of ten years and all noblemen were eligible for office.

This reform, however, did not satisfy the masses that resented the concentration of all state authority in the hands of the aristocracy and clamored for a written constitution. In 594 BC the nobles bestowed full power to remodel the new state on one of their number, the celebrated Solon, trusted by nobles and poor alike. For the first time in the history of the world the people were given a measure of participation in government, the grant of political rights and a constitution. Later the office of archon was made annual and electrical and to the existing three offices, military, civil and religious, were added the six thesothetae whose sole duty was to record judicial decisions. In spite of these concessions discontent was rife, and a number of popular revolts exposed the state to constant danger.

In 546 BC, Peisistratus, a distinguished and daring statesman closed power and made himself dictator. Under his autocratic rule Athens enjoyed great prosperity. He stimulated commerce and industry, and by fosting agriculture laid the basis for the development of Athens' chief export, the olive. Through his violent foreign policy, for the first time, Athens emerged as an Aegean Power. Posterity is indebted to this devoted lover of the arts since he ordered the preparation of the first authorized version of Homer's sublime epics, the Iliad and the Odyssey. He also embellished the city with monuments which splendor was later surpassed only by those of the Golden Age of Pericles.

Peisistratus died in 527 BC. Although a dictator, he had been enlightened and benevolent ruler. He had cared for the interests of the common man and curved the power of the nobles; But his sons, especially the elder, Hippias, were brutal tyrants who exercised their power solely in their own interests. They excited the hatred of the Athenians to such a degree that in 514 BC a conspiracy was organized and the leaders, two patricians, Harmodios and Aristogeiton, killed the younger brother, Hipparchus. Hippias was driven into exile and the civic liberties of the state were restored.

The resounding victories over the Persians at Marathon, in 490 BC, and particularly the glorious Battle of Salamis, in 480 BC, in which Themistocles proved itself a naval commander of genius, laid the foundations of Athenian supremacy over the Hellenic city-states. A statesman of uncommon foresight, Themistocles added diplomatic triumphs to his victories. By protracting the parleys with Sparta he earned the time necessary to complete the reconstruction of the city's fortifications, which had been destroyed by the Persians during their second invasion.

Themistocles' policies were continued by his successor, Cimon. Athenian domination over the states of Asia Minor was consolidated and no enemy ship now dared appear in the waters of the Mediterranean. Besides being a brilliant strategist Cimon was also a great lover of art. He embellished the city, and commissioned his intimate friend, the eminent painter Polygnotus of Thasos, to execute vast frescoes recording the glorious deeds of the Athenians.

The year 460 BC saw the eclipse of Cimon and the rise of his political rival, Pericles, who controlled the affairs of the state, including the earlier period of the Peloponnesian war, until his death in 429 BC. An aristocrat but at the same time leader of the democratic party, he was a fervent advocate and champion of people's rights. During the years of his administration Athens reached the summit of her grandeur, and the most brilliant century of Greek history is known as the Age of Pericles. Athens was now mistress of a superb fleet of three hundred sail and an army of thirty thousand perfectly armed and disciplined soldiers, with fortifications extending to the port of Peiraeus; She was impregnable to attack from land or sea, while her commercial prosperity and the tribute of the Delian League amassed in the burden made her the richest city in all Hellas.

If the material prosperity of Athens was great during this period, its attainments in every field of culture were incomparable. A galaxy of architects, sculptors and painters and their gifted assistants adorned the city with a dazzling array of temples, public buildings and other works of art. Nor were Athenian achievements in literature less noteworthy. In this period the Attic drama produced many immortal masterpieces. It is also to Periclean Athens that the scientific thought of Europe in logic, ethics, rhetoric and history owes its origin. Supreme in the arts of war and peace, Athens was the most illustrious city of antiquity and seemed destined to end for ever, but the inconstant gods were an envious of happiness that matched their own.

The outbreak of the Peloponnesian War in 431 was the first of a series of misfortunes to fall upon the city. Two years after the beginning of this internecine and intermittent struggle between Athens and Sparta for the hegemony of Greece, Athens suffered irreparable loss in the untimely death of Pericles during the dreadful plague that ravaged the city. Twelve years later the treachery of Pericles' nephew, Alcibiades, was the cause of an even greater calamity.

Idol of the masses, Alcibiades was a gifted but completely unscrupulous demagogue who served his native city only when it sued him. Against the opposition of more experienced generals he succeeded in persuading his fellow citizens to embark upon the Sicilian Expedition (415) and was appointed one of the commanders. Shortly after the fleet had set sail he was recalled to stand trial on a charge of sacrilege, but fled to the Spartans, to whom he betrayed Athenian plans for the invasion of Sicily.

The crushing defeat of her fleet before Syracuse with the loss of forty thousand men and two hundred and forty ships, stuck a crippling blow at the naval prestige of Athens and in 404 after twenty-seven years of war, utter exhaustion and starvation forced her to Capitulate to her rival, Sparta.

Although her defeat stripped Athens of the leadership of Hellas, she retained her cultural eminence. The plays of Euripides and Aristophanes, the sculpture of Praxiteles and Scopas, the paintings of Zeuxis and the philosophical works of Plato mark this period as one of particular brilliance in the history of arts.

During the Corinthian War (395 BC) there was a revival of the Athenian naval power under Conon, which squadron butly routed the Spartan ships at the historic battle of Cnidus (394 BC). Following his triumphant return Conon ordered the rebuilding of the Long Walls (393 BC), which Athens had been compelled to destroy by the victorious Spartans at the end of the Peloponnesian War.

These walls completed the city's chain of giant defenses. A roadway 8 kms in length and 170 m. Wide, protected on either side by walls 18 m. High and 3 m. Thick, secured communication between the city and the port of Peiraeus with its adjoining harbors. To the south was a had already been removed for the adornment of the new city on the Bosporus, and she was the object of further depredation in AD 523 when the great church of St. Louis. Sophia was erected. Under Byzantium the Parthenon and other glorious tribulations were converted into Christian churches, and in AD 529 Constantinople ordered the closing of the celebrated philosophical schools and the confiscation of their libraries; Athens was but a name.

After the Latin call of Constantinople in 1204 the Burgundian Count Otto de la Roche was granted the lordship of Athens, later raised to a duchy by Louis IX, and established his court on the Acropolis. On the death of Guy II, last duke of the House of de la Roche, the duchy passed to his cousin, Gautier de Brienne, the last French duke of Athens. Three years later (1311) he perished at the battle of Copais where a fearsome army of Catalan adventurers, known as the Grand Company, slaughtered the flower of Frankish chivalry. The Catalans terrorized the country for seventy years until they were overtaken by another horde of Spanish mercenaries, the Navarrese Company.

In 1388 the Florentine Nerio Acciajuoli, Castellan of Corinth and Lord of Thebes, which the Navarrese had elected as their leader, designated Athens and installed himself in the ducal court of the Acropolis. The house of the Acciajuoli lasted until 1456 when the last duke, Franco, was forced to yield to the Turks.

In 1684 when Venice declared war against the Turks, Doge Francesco Morosini was appointed to command the expedition. Ably seconded by a Swedish general, Count Otto Koenigsmark, he deve the enemy out of the Peloponnese and then marched against their garrison in Athens. In Morosini's bombardment of the Acropolis, then held in force by the enemy, severe damage was done to the monuments there.

In 1821 the great revolution against Turkish occupation, which had lasted for nearly four centuries, spread third wall, the Phaleric, which extended to the coastal town of Phaleron and protected the bay connecting it with Peiraeus. These massive walls rendered Athens an impregnable fortress, making it impossible for an invader to cut her off from her trade and food supplies.

From 338 BC the orator Lycurgus was archon. During his tenure of office he further embellished the city and restored those ancient monuments that had suffered either at the hands of man or from the ravages of time. In this same period, from the tribune of the hallowed rock of the Pnyx, resounded the voice of the great orator, Demosthenes, whose name will forever be linked with the last splendors of the immortal city.

Alexander the Great treated Athens with marked favor and granted her a measurable measure of autonomy. Although she had lost her supremacy in science and scholarship to Alexandria, Athens was still considered the natural home of philosophy, while in the theater Menander's New Comedy made Athenian life known through the civilized world.

After being sacked by Sulla in 86 BC for her part in supporting Mithridates the Great against Rome, she became part of the new Roman province of Achaea in 27 BC. Her only importance now lay in her philosophical schools which were frequented by such young Romans as Cicero, Herodes Atticus and Horace.

Athens was later restored to favor as a free and sovereign city and regarded as the cultural center of the Roman world; Hadrian and later Antonines lavishly endowed her with many new buildings. During the reign of the Emperor Hadrian a whole new city, Novae Athenae, to which the Arch of Hadrian was the gateway, rose around the Olympieion.

With the foundation of Constantinople Athens sank into the obscurity of a provincial Byzantine town and is rarely mentioned in the chronicles of the period. Pheidias' statue of Athena Promachos and other works of art through Greece. A year later, in 1822, the intrepid Odysseus Androutsos, one of the principal figures of the War of Independence (1821-1833) succeeded by a surprise attack in capturing the Acropolis. In 1826 the Turks under Reschid Pasha again besieged it. An attempt by the French philhellene Colonel Baron Fabvier to relate the heroic defense force was defeated, and the garrison commander Gouras killed. Further attempts to treat the Acropolis provided no more successful than the first, instructions were therefore sent to the garrison to surrender.

On 24th May 1827, the Turks having agreed them the honors of war, the remnants of the gallant defenders marched out with flying colors.

The Acropolis remained in the hands of the enemy until 12th April 1833 when, in the name of Greece, Colonel Baligand took formal possession of the Turkish commander. On 13th December of the same year King Othon, the first King of Greece, entered the city. One year later, on 18th September 1834, Athens was officially proclaimed the Capital city of the Kingdom.

Success Lessons From Greek Tycoon Aristotle Onassis's Life

The moment you finished this article, you will be able to learn how you can find whatever the years just ahead are good or bad for you, and how long this season will last, so that you can act accordingly: if there is a storm on The horizon, you will take shelter in time, if sunny days loom ahead, you will take advantage before the opportunity passes, so that you can highly succeed in life.

Before that however, we have first to see what lessons derive from Greek tycoon Aristotle Onassis's life, how the alternatives of his life seasons from good to bad and vice versa radically influenced his successful career. Onassis began his career as a ship owner in 1933, while the Great Depression of 1929 had not ended yet. Because of the crisis, the ships' prices had declined precipitously. A ten-year-old freighter, which had cost $ 1 million to build in 1920, could now be obtained for $ 20,000. Onassis found that a whole fleet of ten such ships was for sale in Saint Lawrence in Canada. He immediately bought six of those ships for $ 20,000 each. And some years later, he expanded his fleet tremendously: he obtained a loan of $ 40 million in 1947 from various American banks and built 18 more ships, tankers included.

But in 1954 he did something that moved him to the brink of destruction. After a series of negotiations, he concluded an agreement with the king of Saudi Arabia that would give him the exclusive rights to use his tankers to transport that country's huge oil output. As soon as the agreement became known, however, a storm of protest broke out against Onassis – not only the big US oil companies, which had the exclusive right to produce the Saudi Arabian oil, but also from the government of the United States itself.

The oil companies protested specifically to Saudi Arabia, and simultaneously made clear to Onassis that each time his ships would arrive in that country's ports to load crude oil, they would not let him have it. US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles warned the Saudis that if they insist on upholding the agreement with Onassis, the American oil companies would stop oil production in that country. In the face of that reaction, the king of Saudi Arabia was forced to cancel the agreement.

At the same time, the US oil companies decided, out of revenge, to discontinue any cooperation with Onassis. Each time a charter contract for any of his ships expired, they would not renew it, giving it instead to other ship owners. At the end of 1955, half of Onassis's tanker fleet was idle. His main source of income was drying up at tremendous speed. That situation continued into 1956 as well. More and more of his ships were becoming idle, and those ships were mortgaged with the huge loans he had borrowed to build them. But Onassis no longer had sufficient income to repay the loans. In despair, he went around to the American banks to which he was engaged, asking them to take over management of his ships. The international shipping community expected him to announce bankruptcy at any moment.

That bankruptcy never happened, however. A new season started in Onassis's life. In October 1956, the Suez Canal closed to shipping because of the crisis between Egypt and Israel. As a result, ships had to circumnavigate Africa, adding considering time to each trip. Too few ships were available to meet the demand, and freight costs skyrocketed to unpackedented heights in 1957. The only ship owner who had ships available was Onassis. Because of the boycott the American oil companies had imposed on him, he had a huge number of ships standing idle in various ports. The results were predictable. Onassis's ships were chartered by desperate merchants, the boycott ended, and the acrimonial relations with the oil companies were forgotten.

Instead of destruction, triumph had arrived. Onassis began to realize dizzying profits: in 1957 alone, he earned $ 70 million – while ten years earlier, he had been head over heels in debt with the $ 40 million loan he had taken out. The profits were unbelievable. Onassis did not know what to do with all this money. His first act was to repay all the loans he owed.

His second act was to commission the building of new ships –among them a 100,000-ton tanker, the largest in the world at that time. His third act was to give a resplendent reception in Monte Carlo to celebrate his improved fortunes. And after some years, Onassis became the wealthiest person on earth.

By 1973, however, Onassis's brilliant season would end abruptly. What followed was a tragic season, the last of Onassis's life. In January 1973, Onassis's son Alexander was killed in a plane crash at the Athens airport at the age of 19. Onassis showed at first that he overcame that event. Immediately after his son's funeral and burial on his private island Skorpios, he started expanding his fleet. While the fleet then associated of more than 100 ships -among them 15 supertankers of 200,000 tons each – Onassis commissioned six more tankers to be built, two of them of 400,000 tons each, the largest tankers in the world.

But from 1974, things began worsening. Perhaps because of his son's death, he began in 1974 to suffer from myasthenia gravis, an incurable disease affecting the eyes and other parts of the body. He could not hold his eyelids open, and had to keep them up with tape. He had also a hard time swallowing food and slurred his words when speaking. Not surprisingly, he was full of complaints: about his life, about himself, about his marriage, about everything.

Next year-1975- was the last in Onassis's life: he became seriously ill from pneumonia. In an awful condition, he entered a hospital in Paris, where he was operated on to no avail. On March 15, 1975, the wealthiest man in the world died -at the age of 69. Only his daughter Christina was at his bedside.

Conclusion

From Onassis' life derives that in 1957, the bad season he experienced till that year (he was faced with bankruptcy, as you can recall) suddenly ended, and a good season started for him, when the Suez Canal closed to shipping and he began becoming The wealthiest person on earth. But in 1974, a reversal of seasons happened in his life: his good season ended that year and a bad one started, when his beloved son Alexander was killed in a plane crash, and Onassis began to suffer from myasthenia gravis that led him finally to Death.

Resembling alternations of seasons, however, derives also from the biographies of many other famous people I have studied. Among them, there are the biographies of Napoleon, Beethoven, Verdi, Churchill, Picasso, Jackie Kennedy Onassis, Queen Elizabeth I of England, Elizabeth Taylor, Margaret Thatcher, Columbus, Mandela, and many others, more than 20 biographies in total.

For example:
— Beethoven's good and bad seasons alternated in 1776, 1792, 1809, and 1825
— Napoleon's alternated in 1776, 1792, and 1809
— Churchill's alternated in 1875, 1892, 1908, 1924, and 1941
— Verdi's alternated in 1825, 1842, 1859, 1875, and 1892
— Picasso's alternated in 1892, 1908, 1925, 1941, and 1957
— Jackie Kennedy Onassis's alternated in 1941, 1957, 1974, and 1990
— Elizabeth Taylor's alternated in 1941, 1958, 1975, and 1990
— Margaret Thatcher's alternated in 1941, 1957, 1975, and 1990
— Mandela's alternated in 1941, 1957, 1974, and 1990
— Queen Elizabeth's I of England alternated in 1545, 1562, 1578 and 1595
— Columbus's alternated in 1479 and 1496.

Comparing these biographies, I arrived at an astonishing discovery: the seasons of all the above people alternating according to a certain pattern. Also, after extensive research, I found that our own lives' seasons alternate according to the same certain pattern. That means, therefore, we can foresee how our life's good and bad seasons will alternate in the future, with amazing accuracy.

So, we can act accordingly. If there is a storm on the horizon, we can take a shelter in time. If sunny days loom ahead, we can take advantage before the opportunity passes. We can thus highly succeed in life by taking contractual decisions regarding our career, marriage, family, relationships, and all other life's issues.

Ancient Greece – The Role Of Donkeys, Mules And Horses

Both the donkey and the mule were certainly known and used in antiquity. Mules were employed both for riding and for drawing carts; From 500 BC on there were actually mule-cart races in the Olympic games, and one of Pindar's odes celebrates such a victory (Olympian 6, 468 BC). Yet what must have been a somewhat undignified event did not maintain its popularity, and it was abandoned in 444 BC

One old Athenian mule, who worked long and hard on the construction of the Parthenon, is said by Aelian to have been fed at public expense in the town hall (prytaneion) for the reminder of its life. Donkeys, as today, were used primarily for riding and as beasts of burden. Often associated with the god Dionysos and his rowdy, drunken followers, they are readily identified on painted pots by their characteristic long ears and evidence of sexual arousal. Remains of a donkey were found in the kitchen of a house, a victim of the destruction of Athens by the Herulians in AD 267.

Ancient Athenian literature is full of references to the horse, which played a significant role in Athenian social, political, and military life. Athenian sculptors, painters, and potters found horses a popular subject from the beginnings of Greek art to the end of antiquity. The excavation of cavalry archives and victory monuments, as well as the roadway used for processes and the training of horses, has shown that the Agora, focus of so much of Athenian life, was also for centers of the center of equestrian activity in the ancient city .

Exploring the Managerial Role – Applying Resources to Activities to Achieve Results

The managerial role is essential for earning the value inherent in innovative ideas. It applies the notion of planning, execution, and control to both project-oriented and perpetually-oriented activities. Planning involves organizing activities and resources; control involves reporting and evaluating status, and making adjustments accordingly.

Research and development activities are project-oriented with a finite beginning and end. Sales and production activities are either perpetually-oriented or project-oriented depending upon the nature of the products and/or services offered.

Mass manufacturing work is perpetually-oriented enabling large volumes of products to be delivered from a single design. Orders may repeat indefinitely provided that the market doesn’t tire. Custom manufacturing work is project-oriented requiring a product to be built to order from a unique or tailored design. Through the use of computer-aided design and manufacturing, it is possible to achieve a hybrid of mass manufacturing with custom design.

Within the context of planning and policy development, deployment, and performance measurement activities, the managerial role comprises organization, execution, evaluation, and adjustment.

Organization:

Confirming scope, objectives and goals (budget, schedule and quality standards)
Assigning people to tasks
Securing facilities and equipment, materials and supplies
Training

Execution:

Communicating to the team, and to sponsors
Assigning and accomplishing tasks
Solving problems
Handling exceptions

Evaluation:

Monitoring the earned value in terms of scope, objectives, budget, schedule, and quality
Assessing the people
Assessing the facilities and equipment, materials and supplies

Adjustment:

Tuning (scope, objectives, budget, schedule, quality, resources)
Taking corrective actions for future performance

Work is organized in terms of:

What is to be accomplished and why (scope, objectives and goals)?
How it is to be accomplished (resources and work units)?
When it is to be accomplished (schedule)?

As tasks are executed, progress is evaluated periodically in terms of variances from:

Budget
Schedule
Quality
Resources (people, materials, supplies, facilities, and equipment)

Adjustments in plans must be made as necessary until the results are delivered, the work is rescoped, or canceled.

The managerial role benefits from the use of both operational and analytical systems for people, products and/or services, processes, and project management that deliver both financial and non-financial information for performance measurement activities.

The managerial role applies resources to activities to achieve results and earn value in conjunction with the entrepreneurial and leadership roles. The managerial role is an enterpriship (entrepreneurship, leadership, and management) competency.

A Detailed, Yet Manageable Science

Giving that maid of honor or best man toast isn’t an easy thing to do.

Say for instance you already know what you want to say and how you want to say it. You have a few funny stories sprinkled in that will entertain the audience while not embarrassing the bride and/or groom. You have a few heart-felt lines that you know will mean a lot to the couple and will impress the friends, family, and invited guests in attendance. And you have that perfect last line — the consummate conclusion to your three minute long toast — that will bring applause when you finish raising your glass.

Many would say you’re lucky to be so far along in the toast-writing process. I, however, say there’s still much to learn. Your last major hurdle?

Becoming accustomed with toast etiquette.

To begin searching for what you will need to do, try finding out where and when you will be giving your best man or maid of honor toast. Will it be at the rehearsal dinner? And if so, where is the rehearsal dinner located? If the dinner is going to be held in a less formal atmosphere in front of only some family and a few friends, then you can a slightly less formal speech — and vice versa. Say you’re told that you will be giving your toast at the wedding reception, just after the first dance but before dinner (when everyone is still there). Oh, and the reception is being held in the ballroom at the local country club or 4-star hotel. Hearing this would make me prepare a far more formal toast than if I were delivering the speech in the former scenario. All in all, it is vital to “know” your audience. Know whom you’ll be speaking to during the big moment and then plan accordingly.

Organizational Investment Management

What are managed?

Essentially, Investment organization refers to the activities carried out by organizations to meet various asset goals. It also involves the supervision and operations related to the assets and securities of the organization. For instance, real estate is one of the valuable capital assets of any organization. Securities involve the negotiable instruments or fungible commodities that represent certain financial value. Also, common stocks are equity security, while debentures and bonds are all debt securities.

Why investment management?

By carrying out efficient asset management and meeting the various investment goals, the organization meets the expectations of the investors. These investors could be private stakeholders who are involved through mutual funds or other collective schemes for asset. The investors could also consist of other stakeholder organizations like various corporations and insurance companies.

What is the investment administration process?

The Investment management process fundamentally consists of deciding how and where to invest the funds. It also comprises of either or both fund organization and collective investment management. There are hundreds of ‘investment advisors’ today, both individual fund managers as well as dedicated firms offering their services in this segment. But there are many rich private investors who hire special teams for the sake of discretionary and advisory investment management and these teams or firms refer to the process as portfolio organization or wealth organization.

The asset organization ‘industry’ is responsible for the movement of billions and trillions of various currencies and various tasks are adopted in such a procedure. Firstly, this work requires a lot of analysis and financial research. Asset selection and asset allocation is dealt by the decision makers or advisory board. Bespoke funds are the strongly managed funds that satisfy particular investor requirements, and Chip funds are ‘reliable returns on asset’ funds. Asset portfolio construction is another important task. This represents the various kinds of assets made by specific investors. Weighting of asset classes (stocks, shares, bonds) is done carefully, considering the relative financial bias.

All organization plans must be executed within a time frame, for maximum returns. A solid plan implementation move is undertaken by the asset organization firms and individuals. Past, present and future asset plans must be analyzed.

Career in investment management

The asset organization industry offers a lot of scope for career. There are fund managers who direct the investment, marketers who bring in funds, internal auditors who examine systems, compliance staff professionals who ensure that activities conform to regulations, financial controllers who account for the money owned and spent, back office workers who monitor and report transactions, computer operators and experts among other investment managing professionals. Independent firms involved in asset organization are known to produce best results.

Possible business problems

Firms who work on investment organization face problems of staffing, because the professionals who generate above-average results often leave the firm in order to manage personal portfolios. Also, the skilled professionals are expensive to hire. Good performance is not sustainable forever, and investors might not tolerate the tough times.

Yet, today the investment organization industry is vast and well spread out, with many countries showing immense potential.

Using Commodity Hedging Strategies to Manage Price Risk

Item dealers make benefits basically through two distinctive ways; hypothesis and supporting. The last is a danger administration methodology used to ensure a speculation against misfortunes and protecting its benefits. Therefore, the previous is a more forceful system, simply determined by benefit. Despite the fact that the two techniques can be utilized in the meantime, it is basic for brokers to see how supporting functions and why it is essential. In a perfect world, product supporting procedures are one of the fundamental tips to benefit offering wares. Here is a brisk diagram on the best way to utilize this straightforward technique to boost your benefits exponentially.

What is a flexible investments dealer?

A fence stock investments dealer is an individual or organization that includes in a business identified with a particular ware. Ideally, a fence stock investments broker could be a maker of the ware or rather an organization intrigued by obtaining a product in future. Supporting permits every gathering to restrain their dangers in the ware markets.

Why do dealers fence?

It is impractical to foresee the heading item costs are bringing with 100% precision. Aside from the heading of costs, brokers additionally need to know the particular time allotment for such changes. Rather than worrying to get these two components right, dealers can select to make more benefits by utilizing the supporting system.

How does supporting work?

Physical items are purchased or sold by merchants in a money market. In the interim, contracts including the conveyance of these products at a future date are profited inside the prospects market. Despite the fact that the money market and the fates cost are firmly related, they don’t move in a comparable way. This is the motivation behind why the expression “Premise” is utilized amid exchanges. In a perfect world, (Basis = Cash Price – Futures Price).

Go short or long?

Financial specialists and brokers have two decisions to make; go short or long. Going short includes obtaining the agreement from a specialist and offering it away before purchasing it back at a lower cost. Then again, going long includes purchasing an item today with the desire that the offering cost will make a benefit at a later stage.

Choosing to run long with your supporting systems debilitates the Basis. This is occasioned by the way that the trade value diminishes out a comparative way to the prospects contract. Therefore, shorting can be helpful at whatever point the Basis increments. The expanding money cost is constantly with respect to the prospects contract. Keep in mind that the premise can move the other way to the value levels. However, what makes a difference is the total contrast between the two.

Potential supporting dangers

As makers support against physical products, it is considered not dangerous depends on a short – term period. Be that as it may, the fence broker could miss out on all their potential investment funds if the wrong value developments are figure.

Should you add supporting to your exchanging arrangement?

Supporting is one of the best devices to oversee dangers required in ware prospects exchanging. In the event that conceivable, the objective of supporting ought to be accumulated at exchanging value hazard and setting the costs one will pay or get inside a definite reach. Diminishing introduction to shocks permits dealers to certainly arrange their operations.

Stock Market Trading

Stock Market Trading: On A Share

The cult of share traders is bringing a stock renaissance. Traditionally, it was known to be the rich man’s land but with the changing times and unearthed circumstances, it soon tuned into a field for common man and small investors. Heartiest wishes to the stock market that it revolutionized so quickly with the supporting sticks of technologies including online investments and channels like CNN.

The incidence of stock market trading is showing a risen trend all over the world. Underlying increasing knowledge coupled with a shifting trend of investment from savings are some of the main reasons for this melody. But, you do not hear about these traders making more and more money in the stock market. Few of them actually know the reason and have the skill to make profits in stock trading.

Investing hard-earned money takes a lot of courage and when it comes to generate more out of the invested one, it gets to the tough tunnel. A tunnel that is darkened with the risks and frauds, however, it can be rescued only with due care, knowledge and alertness.

Stock market trading basically begins with basic understanding of stocks. Literally, stocks are the shares of the companies that provide partial ownership to the buyer of a particular stock. It acts as a devise for the investor to earn money in form of dividends and a tool for raising capital on behalf of the company. Stock is traded on stock exchange that is a forum where all the companies are listed that may deal in stocks.

Undoubtedly, like any other markets there are many catalysts that provide services for easy trading of stocks. For stock market trading, they are the brokers that act as mediocre between stock exchange and traders. Not only, they are the service providers but also provide their expertise and tips to trade in stocks However, today there are many companies that are catering as stock broker firms and facilitating stock market trading through discount brokerages.

Also, their quick and reliable services tend the trader to self-trade in stocks. Stock brokerages has transformed to online stock broking that helps the trader to posses user-friendly and hustle- free services that allows a person to trade from a place of his choice.

Trading in stocks is not an easy job, but with the help of few tricks and tips one can be more assure of his positive returns. Here are some tips you should look out for to trade in stocks:

  • Hedging: it is considered to be one of the safest techniques for investing in stocks. In case you wish to protect your position and reduce the risk, holding a stock for longer duration is recommended. It reduces the risks of immediate swings of the market and provides you with option of increasing price of stock.
  • Dow average: this is another option that may be followed by any stock investor. Buying the best value stocks after measuring it on Dow industrial average turns out to be safe. It is said that the lowest 10 on the Dow posses the most potential for growth in the future market.
  • Dollar cost and value averaging: investing a fixed amount of dollar on a regular basis is known as dollar cost averaging. It reduces the risks and may let you purchase more number of shares when prices are low and vice versa. It not only fixes the amount of risks but also provide a consistency to the trader’s portfolio.