Monthly Archives: October 2016

Common Terminology in Futures and Commodity Trading

Commodity Markets

A commodity market is a market where generic movable products are bought and sold with contracts. Examples of commodities are: corn, wheat, coffee, pork bellies, cocoa, soya beans, oats, live cattle, crude oil, natural gas, gold, silver and so on.

Contract

Buying and selling of commodities is done with contracts. These contracts state exact rules, including descriptions, quantities, unit price, and delivery times.

Trading

Trading means buying and selling contracts.

Futures trading vs Commodity trading

Commodity trading and futures trading is the same thing. When you are trading in commodities you are trading in futures.

The Commodity Exchange

Commodity exchange is a central place where the buying and selling commodities take place. The biggest commodity exchange in the world is he Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT). There are also quite few around the world.

Mini-Contracts

Trading mini-contracts is an alternative to trading standard contracts and is smaller in quantity, ranging between one-fifth and one-half the quantity of a standard contract. Mini-contracts are traded in Chicago on the MidAmerican Commodity Exchange (MidAm).

Standard Contracts

Standard sizes of futures contracts are most of them related to the specific product. Example:

– a contract of corn has 5,000 bushels

– a contract of gold has 1,000 ounces

– a contract of lumber has 160,000 board feet

Contango

Contango describe the carrying costs inherent in different price months for the same commodity. For example a commodity to be delivered in eight months has more overhead costs (due to storage price) compared with a commodity be delivered in two months.

Trading Months

Every commodity has specific trading months and is not all the same. For example: Crude oil has trading every calendar month. Soya beans have in January and every second month.

Spot Market

It is also known as the cash market in futures which means delivered and paid for “on the spot” or immediately.

The spot month is the present month.

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Futures Brokers – Finding a Credible Futures Broker

On the off chance that you need to exchange items or money related instruments then you should locate a valid prospects intermediary. They give you with a way to you to purchase or offer products and money related instruments at a future time at a specific cost.

Future specialists work twenty four hours a day, six days a week. They must be in fact authorize to bargain in prospects. A large portion of these intermediaries require a base store to open an exchanging account. The base stores differ from representative to merchant yet all require a particular sum in the records.

Most fates dealers are paid on commission. This is ascertained by the volume and recurrence of exchanges made. There is typically a base commission assigned per exchange so comprehend what these base expenses incorporate.

It is useful on the off chance that you comprehend the item you plan to exchange to give yourself an aggressive edge. Your prospects intermediary will prompt you on current conditions, showcase patterns, world economy and different components yet in the event that you comprehend your exchanges it will help in your venture returns and decrease a portion of the hazard connected with exchanging.

On the off chance that you are not an expert in a specific item or budgetary instrument then it is astute to take the counsel of an authorize full administration fates business firm instead of making hypotheses. These prospects agents have the experience important to comprehend patterns and developments inside business sectors to position your exchanges legitimately.

Investment Management Training

In the early period of development of finance as a profession, i.e., until the early 1950s, investment management was primarily concerned with the procurement of funds. The subject matter was mainly confined to financial problems arising during episodic events like incorporation, merger, consolidation and reorganization. Thus, the traditional role of the investment manager was to raise externally the funds required by joint stock companies. The internal administration of finance was either ignored or dealt with by the promoter entrepreneur himself.

With the passage of time, the role of investment manager has undergone drastic changes. Presently, the investment manager is in charge of determining the total amount of capital required for both the short-term (working capital) and long-term (fixed capital). This is done by proper forecasting and planning of finance. Secondly, their job profile includes investing the funds in assets and projects, with the aim of making profits. This is to be done in such a way that the earnings are more than the cost so that there is a positive net return to the concern.

Now the investment manager is concerned with the management of assets, raising and allocation of capital, and valuation of the firm. Besides, he has to ensure the supply of funds to all parts of the organization, evaluate the financial performance, negotiate with bankers, financial institutions and other suppliers of credit, and keep track of stock exchange quotations and the behavior of stock price.

To play his role well the investment manager has different tools, such as cost of capital, leverage, capital budgeting, working capital management techniques and fund flow analysis/cash flow analysis. Cost of capital helps in deciding the appropriate source of finance. Normally the sources with minimum costs are selected, so that the weighted average cost of capital can be kept to a minimum. Capital budgeting helps in deciding the proper investment mix; the available resources should be used in the most profitable way. For this purpose, suitable projects should be selected from alternative courses by using capital budgeting techniques.